E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Original Research 


Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi.

Abstract
Introduction: Preterm infants are exposure of many painful procedures during care and treatment, and applying non-pharmacological methods helps in decreasing pain effects and providing them with comfort and health. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of massage on preterm infants' pain caused by invasive procedures in neonatal intensive care unit.
Method: This study was a semi-experimental research conducted on 82 infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. The procedure of sampling was random and all infants have been allocated two groups including experimental and control. The pain score was assessed for both groups at the first session of conducting invasive procedure. Then, experimental group benefited from massage for 5 days while control groups just received routine care. After this period, the pain score was assessed before, during and after intervention. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze NIPS questionnaire by using SPSS software.
Results: No statistically significant difference was detected in pain scores obtained before, during and after procedure for both groups before the intervention. In addition, there was a statically significant difference in pain scores gained by two groups during implementing procedure. After procedure implementation, pain score for experimental and control group was 2.50.6 and 3.40.6, respectively. These values confirmed that the amount of pain during and after applying procedure was significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusion: massage can be used as an effective solution since infants can feel and remember pain and frequent exposure to painful and constant circumstances results in physiological, mental, and behavioral complications.

Key words: infant massage, mother, invasive procedures, preterm infants, neonatal intensive care.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi
Articles by Shabahang Jafarnejad
Articles by Somayeh Esmaeilian
Articles by Manizheh Amirmohamadi
Articles by Soroor Sohrabi
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(3): 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13


Web Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. http://www.jocmr.com/?mno=10883 [Access: October 11, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. J Complement Med Res. 2020; 11(3): 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. J Complement Med Res. (2020), [cited October 11, 2020]; 11(3): 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



Harvard Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi (2020) Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. J Complement Med Res, 11 (3), 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



Turabian Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. 2020. Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (3), 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



Chicago Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. "Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11 (2020), 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi. "Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 11.3 (2020), 99-105. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hamidreza Khoshnezhad Ebrahimi, Shabahang Jafarnejad, Somayeh Esmaeilian, Manizheh Amirmohamadi, Soroor Sohrabi (2020) Examining the Effect of Massage on Preterm Infants' Pain Caused by Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 11 (3), 99-105. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2020.11.03.13





Most Viewed Articles
  • Role of Cyperus rotundus oil in decreasing hair growth
    GHADA FAROUK ABD EL-KAREAM
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(2): 111-118
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120626100304

  • Ethno-dentistry: popular medicinal plants used for dental diseases in India
    Amit Bhardwaj, Shalu Verma Bhardwaj
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(1): 62-65
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120322035152

  • Total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents in different extracts of Artemisia absinthium
    Rajeev Singh, Pawan Kumar Verma, Gagandeep Singh
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(2): 101-104
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120525014326

  • Antimicrobial and phytochemical evaluation of the leaf, stem bark and root extracts of Cyathula prostrata (L) Blume against some human pathogens
    Gideon Ikechukwu Ogu, Williams Omotola Tanimowo, Perpetua Ugonna Nwachukwu, Bright Esegbuyota Igere
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(1): 35-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120407085952

  • Herbal Antibacterials: A Review
    Chirag Modi, Shailesh Mody, Hitesh Patel, Ghanshyam Dudhatra, Avinash Kumar, Madhavi Awale
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(1): 52-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120207113423

  • Most Downloaded
  • Medicinal plants with potential anti-arthritic activity:
    Manjusha Choudhary, Vipin Kumar, Hitesh Malhotra, Surender Singh
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2015; 4(2): 147-179
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20150313021918

  • Total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents in different extracts of Artemisia absinthium
    Rajeev Singh, Pawan Kumar Verma, Gagandeep Singh
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(2): 101-104
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120525014326

  • Ethnobotanical Documentation of Traditional Knowledge about Medicinal Plants used by Indigenous People in Talash Valley of Dir Lower, Northern Pakistan
    Muhammad Tariq Khan, Latif Ahmad, Wajid Rashid
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2018; 7(1): 8-24
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jice.20171011075112

  • Herbal Antibacterials: A Review
    Chirag Modi, Shailesh Mody, Hitesh Patel, Ghanshyam Dudhatra, Avinash Kumar, Madhavi Awale
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(1): 52-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120207113423

  • Antimicrobial and phytochemical evaluation of the leaf, stem bark and root extracts of Cyathula prostrata (L) Blume against some human pathogens
    Gideon Ikechukwu Ogu, Williams Omotola Tanimowo, Perpetua Ugonna Nwachukwu, Bright Esegbuyota Igere
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(1): 35-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120407085952

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents in different extracts of Artemisia absinthium
    Rajeev Singh, Pawan Kumar Verma, Gagandeep Singh
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 1(2): 101-104
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20120525014326
    Cited : 42 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Potential antimalarials from African natural products: a review
    Bashir Lawal, Oluwatosin Kudirat Shittu, Adamu Yusuf Kabiru, Ali Audu Jigam, Maimuna Bello Umar, Eustace Bonghan Berinyuy, Blessing Uchenna Alozieuwa
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2015; 4(4): 318-343
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20150928102856
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Medicinal plants with potential anti-arthritic activity:
    Manjusha Choudhary, Vipin Kumar, Hitesh Malhotra, Surender Singh
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2015; 4(2): 147-179
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20150313021918
    Cited : 20 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Guava leaves polyphenolics-rich extract inhibits vital enzymes implicated in gout and hypertension in vitro
    Emmanuel Anyachukwu Irondi, Samson Olalekan Agboola, Ganiyu Oboh, Aline Augusti Boligon, Margareth Linde Athayde, Francis O. Shode
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2016; 5(2): 122-130
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20160321115402
    Cited : 20 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Some pharmacological effects of cinnamon and ginger herbs in obese diabetic rats
    Mostafa Abbas Shalaby, Hamed Yahya Saifan
    J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2014; 3(4): 144-149
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jice.20140818050741
    Cited : 19 times [Click to see citing articles]