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Review Article Open Access


Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants

Madubuike Umunna Anyanwu, Rosemary Chinazam Okoye.

Abstract
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently one of the major threats facing mankind. The emergence and rapid spread of multi- and pan-drug-resistant organisms (such as vancomycin-, methicillin-, extended -spectrum β-lactam- , carbapenem- and fosfomycin-resistant organisms) has put the world in a dilemma. The health and economic burden associated with AMR on a global scale is dreadful. Available antimicrobials have been misused and are almost ineffective with some of these drugs associated with dangerous side effects in some individuals. Development of new, effective and safe antimicrobials is one of the ways by which AMR burden can be reduced. The rate at which microorganisms develop AMR mechanisms outpaces the rate at which new antimicrobials are being developed. Medicinal plants are potential sources of new antimicrobial molecules. There is renewed interest in antimicrobial activities of phytochemicals. Nigeria boasts of a huge heritage of medicinal plants and there is avalanche of researches that have been undertaken to screen antimicrobial activities of these plants. Scientific compilation of these studies could provide useful information on the antimicrobial properties of the plants. This information can be useful in the development of new antimicrobial drugs. This paper reviews antimicrobial researches that have been undertaken on Nigerian medicinal plants.

Key words: Nigerian medicinal plants, antimicrobial resistance, antimicrobial activity


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Anyanwu MU, Okoye RC. Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). 2017; 6(2): 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231


Web Style

Anyanwu MU, Okoye RC. Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. http://www.jicep.com/?mno=244447 [Access: February 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Anyanwu MU, Okoye RC. Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). 2017; 6(2): 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Anyanwu MU, Okoye RC. Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). (2017), [cited February 20, 2018]; 6(2): 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



Harvard Style

Anyanwu, M. U. & Okoye, R. C. (2017) Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol), 6 (2), 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



Turabian Style

Anyanwu, Madubuike Umunna, and Rosemary Chinazam Okoye. 2017. Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)), 6 (2), 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



Chicago Style

Anyanwu, Madubuike Umunna, and Rosemary Chinazam Okoye. "Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)) 6 (2017), 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Anyanwu, Madubuike Umunna, and Rosemary Chinazam Okoye. "Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)) 6.2 (2017), 240-259. Print. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Anyanwu, M. U. & Okoye, R. C. (2017) Antimicrobial activity of Nigerian medicinal plants. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)), 6 (2), 240-259. doi:10.5455/jice.20170106073231





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