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The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin

Rumana Ahmad, Anamika Gupta, Afreen Fatima, Ishrat Husain, Anand Narain Srivastava.

Abstract
Background: Solanum nigrum L. (SN), commonly known as black nightshade or Makoi in India, is well documented in Ayurveda, the indigenous system of medicine, for its medicinal properties. However, it has still not garnered considerable attention for modern therapeutic use. In the present study, in vitro activities of methanolic extract(s) of dried roots, stems and leaves of S. nigrum were evaluated against human cancer cell lines MDA, Hep G2, A549 and normal cell line Vero. Methods: The percentage viability of the cell lines was determined using MTT assay. Antibacterial activity of the extracts was tested against S. aureus and E. coli using disc diffusion method. Molecular docking studies were carried out to assess the inhibitory action of selected phytoconstituents belonging to the class of steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs) and steroidal saponins (SSs) against cytoskeletal proteins viz. actin (G- and F-), tubulin (alpha and beta) and vimentin. Results: HepG2 cells were found to be most susceptible to SN extracts. Leaf extract of SN showed significant anticancer activity against Hep G2 and MDA cells (IC50 values approx. 20 µg/ml). AGE of isolated DNA from treated cancer cells revealed characteristic ladder like fragmentation, a hallmark of apoptosis. HPLC profiling demonstrated the presence of alpha-solanine in all extracts. Molecular docking analysis revealed that SGAs displayed potent binding to the intermediate filament protein vimentin (Ki 1.0-8.1 µM) whereas the SSs displayed moderate to low binding to vimentin. Conclusion: SN methanolic extracts inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in human cancer cell lines and thus, warrant further investigation.

Key words: Solanum nigrum, Anticancer, Antibacterial, Molecular Docking, Vimentin


 
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Pubmed Style

Ahmad R, Gupta A, Fatima A, Husain I, Srivastava AN. The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). 2017; 6(4): 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821


Web Style

Ahmad R, Gupta A, Fatima A, Husain I, Srivastava AN. The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. http://www.jicep.com/?mno=271085 [Access: February 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmad R, Gupta A, Fatima A, Husain I, Srivastava AN. The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). 2017; 6(4): 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmad R, Gupta A, Fatima A, Husain I, Srivastava AN. The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol). (2017), [cited February 20, 2018]; 6(4): 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



Harvard Style

Ahmad, R., Gupta, A., Fatima, A., Husain, I. & Srivastava, A. N. (2017) The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. J Complement Med Res (Formerly J Intercult Ethnopharmacol), 6 (4), 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



Turabian Style

Ahmad, Rumana, Anamika Gupta, Afreen Fatima, Ishrat Husain, and Anand Narain Srivastava. 2017. The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)), 6 (4), 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



Chicago Style

Ahmad, Rumana, Anamika Gupta, Afreen Fatima, Ishrat Husain, and Anand Narain Srivastava. "The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)) 6 (2017), 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmad, Rumana, Anamika Gupta, Afreen Fatima, Ishrat Husain, and Anand Narain Srivastava. "The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)) 6.4 (2017), 391-400. Print. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmad, R., Gupta, A., Fatima, A., Husain, I. & Srivastava, A. N. (2017) The evaluation of biological activity of methanolic extracts of Solanum nigrum and molecular docking analysis of selected phytoconstituents against vimentin. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research (Formerly known as Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology (2012-2017)), 6 (4), 391-400. doi:10.5455/jice.20170701065821





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