E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Review Article 


Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review

Siti Nor Aisyah Mohd Zawawi, Nurul Izzati Osman, Ibtisam Abdul Wahab.

Abstract
Black garlic is derived from raw white garlic (Allium sativum L.) which is modified by treating it with highly controlled temperature and humidity. Black garlic contains a high amount of antioxidants than that of white garlic, thus it possesses higher capacity of anti-oxidative activity. Despite derived from similar species, black and white garlic have some differences in term of physicochemical properties and phytochemical constituents hence affecting the pharmacological activities. In the current review, the physicochemical properties, phytochemical constituents and the pharmacological activities of the black garlic are reviewed and summarized from the recent scientific findings. It is aimed at providing a concise review regarding the selected topics to facilitate understanding and providing information related to black garlic. The references from the current review were gathered from a number of databases and resource providers which include Pub Chem, Pub Med (National Center for Biotechnology Information, NCBI), Scopus (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics), SpringerLink (Springer) and Google Scholar (Google). From the current review, black garlic has been proven to be a promising plant-derived remedy owing to its phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities. The information from this review is useful to provide a concise yet comprehensive background on black garlic usefulness in complementary medicines.

Key words: Allium sativum L.; Black garlic; Pharmacological activities; Phytochemistry


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zawawi SNAM, Osman NI, Wahab IA, . Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25


Web Style

Zawawi SNAM, Osman NI, Wahab IA, . Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. https://www.jocmr.com/?mno=25466 [Access: June 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zawawi SNAM, Osman NI, Wahab IA, . Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zawawi SNAM, Osman NI, Wahab IA, . Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. J Complement Med Res. (2021), [cited June 24, 2022]; 12(2): 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



Harvard Style

Zawawi, S. N. A. M., Osman, N. I., Wahab, I. A. & (2021) Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. J Complement Med Res, 12 (2), 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



Turabian Style

Zawawi, Siti Nor Aisyah Mohd, Nurul Izzati Osman, Ibtisam Abdul Wahab, and . 2021. Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



Chicago Style

Zawawi, Siti Nor Aisyah Mohd, Nurul Izzati Osman, Ibtisam Abdul Wahab, and . "Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12 (2021), 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zawawi, Siti Nor Aisyah Mohd, Nurul Izzati Osman, Ibtisam Abdul Wahab, and . "Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12.2 (2021), 220-226. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zawawi, S. N. A. M., Osman, N. I., Wahab, I. A. & (2021) Black garlic (Allium sativum L.) in complementary medicine: A concise phytochemical and pharmacological review. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 220-226. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.25