E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Original Research 


Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA

Aashish Kumar Netam, Vikas Pankaj Bhargava, Rambir Singh, Poonam Sharma.

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Abstract
Introduction: Swarna Bhasma (SB) is a charismatic Ayurvedic drug known for its miraculous therapeutic functions for protecting human health. Consistency in the efficacy and safety of SB has largely been attributed to its manufacturing process. The quality assurance of SB has been based on the parameters listed in ancient texts of Ayurveda, however, there is a need for machine-based, reliable and repeatable characterization methods for estimation of gold content, particle shape and size, etc. Methods: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the physico-chemical characteristics of SB manufactured by Shree Baidyanath Ayurved Bhawan Pvt. Ltd. Jhansi, India. SB was characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive-ray analysis (EDX) and Particle Size Analyzer (PSA). Results: In XRD analysis, the diffraction pattern showed the presence of four major peaks at 2θ value of 37.170, 44.350, 64.530 and 77.500, which corresponds to gold as per the International Centre for Diffraction Database (ICDD) reference. The EDX results showed high purity of gold (97.40% w/w) in the sample along with Na, Fe, Al, K, Ag and Ca in trace amounts. The mean particle size of gold is found to be 2.633 μm by PSA. The particle size by SEM is in the range of 3-4 µm. The morphological characteristics of the gold particles were spherical and mostly irregular in shape and seen to be agglomerated. Conclusion: The physico-chemical analysis of each batch of samples of SB should be carried out by the manufacturing companies, to rule out variations during manufacturing practices for ensuring its therapeutic efficacy and safety.

Key words: Baidyanath, Gold, Rasa Shastra, Swarna Bhasma, SEM, XRD


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Netam AK, Bhargava VP, Singh R, Sharma P. Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23


Web Style

Netam AK, Bhargava VP, Singh R, Sharma P. Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. https://www.jocmr.com/?mno=83122 [Access: June 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Netam AK, Bhargava VP, Singh R, Sharma P. Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. J Complement Med Res. 2021; 12(2): 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Netam AK, Bhargava VP, Singh R, Sharma P. Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. J Complement Med Res. (2021), [cited June 24, 2022]; 12(2): 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



Harvard Style

Netam, A. K., Bhargava, . V. P., Singh, . R. & Sharma, . P. (2021) Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. J Complement Med Res, 12 (2), 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



Turabian Style

Netam, Aashish Kumar, Vikas Pankaj Bhargava, Rambir Singh, and Poonam Sharma. 2021. Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



Chicago Style

Netam, Aashish Kumar, Vikas Pankaj Bhargava, Rambir Singh, and Poonam Sharma. "Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12 (2021), 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Netam, Aashish Kumar, Vikas Pankaj Bhargava, Rambir Singh, and Poonam Sharma. "Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 12.2 (2021), 204-209. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Netam, A. K., Bhargava, . V. P., Singh, . R. & Sharma, . P. (2021) Physico-chemical characterization of ayurvedic swarna bhasma by using SEM, EDAX, XRD and PSA. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 12 (2), 204-209. doi:10.5455/jcmr.2021.12.02.23